“Learn from yesterday, live for today, hope for tomorrow.”
Montessori History Timeline
Maria Montessori was born on August 31st, 1870 in Chiaraville, Italy.
She began breaking barriers that constrained women when entering a technical school (Regio Instituto Technico Leonardo de Vinci). At that time, most girls that even pursued secondary education studied classics.
Maria was encouraged by parents to become a teacher because it was one of the few professions for women, but she was determined to be a doctor.
In 1890 she enrolled at the University of Rome to study physics, maths, and natural sciences receiving her diploma after two years.
Maria Montessori entered the Faculty of Medicine and she become the first woman in Italy to enter medical school.
On July 10th, 1896 she became the first woman to qualify as a doctor in Italy.
In 1897 she volunteered to be apart of a research group for a psychiatric program
1897-1898, she sought to expand her education by attending courses in pedagogy.
Became co-director of a new institution called Orthrophrenic School and began working with children with a broad spectrum of disorders. This was a turning point in her life because it shifted her profession from doctor to educator.
Maria left the school after two years and in 1901 began studying educational philosophy and anthropology.
She established her first Casa dei Bambini or Children’s House which opened on January 6th, 1907. She brought with her educational materials that she had developed at the Orthrophrenic School.
Came to realize that children who were placed in an environment where activities were designed to support their natural development has that power to educate themselves. In 1914 she wrote, “I did not invite a method of education I simply gave some little children a chance to live.”
By fall of 1908, there were five Case dei Bambini, four in Rome and one in Milan. Children in these schools were making extreme progress and word was spreading quickly. That same year, the Italian speaking part of Switzerland began transforming their kindergartens in Case dei Bambini.
In 1909, Dr. Montessori gave the first training course in her approach to about 100 students and published her first book.
in 1912, the book was translated as the Montessori Method in English and reached second place on the bestseller list for nonfiction books.
A period of Montessori education followed. All over the world, people started to practice the approach and Montessori societies, training programs, and schools sprang to life.
The first Montessori school in the United States opened in Scarborough, New York, and others followed in rapid succession.
In 1916, there were more than one hundred Montessori schools in twenty-two different states.
Language barriers and WWI travel limitations contributes to the disappearance of Montessori talk and Education
Elsewhere in the world, however, Montessori education continued to prosper and grow. Dr. Montessori traveled widely, giving courses and lectures and encouraging the launch of new schools.
In 1929, Maria Montessori and her son Mario established the Association Montessori Internationale (AMI) to oversee the many national organizations and their schools and to supervise the education of Montessori teachers worldwide.
Maria Montessori died on May 6th 1952 and bestowed her legacy of work onto her son, Mario.
In 1953, Nancy McCormick Rambusch was searching for alternatives to traditional education when she met Mario Montessori in Paris for the Tenth International Montessori Congress Meeting. Mario encouraged her to research the method more, begin taking classes, and bring the movement back to the United States.
Nancy Rambusch embraced the ideas of the method, began using them with her own children, and then in September 1958 she opened Whitby School in Greenwich, CT
In 1959, Mario appointed Nancy as the U.S. representative for the Association Montessori International.
In 1960, the American Montessori Society was created
The publication in 1962 of her book, Learning How to Learn, led to dramatic growth in the number of Montessori schools and students in the United States